CERA DE CANDELILLA PDF

Candelilla Plant | El Instituto de la Candelilla es una organización que integra los de la cadena de valor en la producción de la cera de Candelilla Mexicana. Download scientific diagram | Cera de candelilla en diferentes presentaciones. Figure 2. Different presentations of candelilla wax. from publication: Pasado. PRONAMEX Productos Naturales de México Cera de Candelilla / Candelilla Wax . En México.

Author: Dijind Mooguramar
Country: Sri Lanka
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Video
Published (Last): 24 January 2011
Pages: 397
PDF File Size: 15.69 Mb
ePub File Size: 1.34 Mb
ISBN: 153-1-54120-247-4
Downloads: 19676
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Nigor

Candelilla wax is a wax derived from the leaves of the small Candelilla shrub native to northern Mexico and the southwestern United States, Euphorbia cerifera and Euphorbia antisyphiliticafrom the family Euphorbiaceae. The refining can also include a bleaching stage, which uses hydrogen peroxide, or some other refining step for special applications.

It also finds use in cosmetic industry, as a component of lip balms and lotion bars. A new classification of the Candelilla was presented in by G.

The wax is obtained by boiling the leaves and stems with dilute sulfuric candeillaand the resulting “cerote” is skimmed from the surface and further processed. The Candelilla plant belongs to the Euphorbia species, the common name of an extensive family of flowered plants — similar in appearance to cacti — but which are clearly differentiated by the milky latex contained by the Euphorbia plants.

The sulfuric acid prevents the formation of an emulsion between the wax and water, which could occur due to the turbulence created by the boiling process. The method used for the exploitation and distribution of candeillla Candelilla plant is very rudimentary. The solid wax is hammered and broken into pieces, which are then melted to remove the impurities such as dirt and organic materials, which are separated from the wax by sedimentation.

Pickup trucks are also sometimes used. Even in times of severe draught the Candelilla protective mechanism has proven to be effective. In the top part of the vessel, a third layer is formed which consists of a paste comprised of ashes, bubbles and solid impurities.

  HP 2520-8-POE SWITCH J9137A PDF

Altitude of the region Collection, extraction and refining processes. This page was last edited on 21 Decemberat Each burro can typically carry from kg lb. One of its major uses is as a binder for chewing gums.

It is mostly used mixed with other waxes to harden them without raising their melting point. Views Read Edit View history.

Candelilla wax – Wikipedia

In any of these vessels, the hot foam wax is separated by decanting from a brown liquor which precipitates to the bottom of the vessel and is later recycled to a removal bucket. Using this technique, wax from the Candelilla plant floats to the surface in the form of foam. It cande,illa also used for making varnish. The plants are then brought to collection centers where the process for extracting the wax is carried out.

The commercial exploitation of the Candelilla plant for producing wax dates back to the beginning of the 20th century, and has since become one of the main economic activities of the Mexican region of the Chihuahuan Desert. Art materials Food additives Painting canxelilla Waxes E-number additives. The Candelilla plant is very resistant to plagues and diseases and is only limitedly consumed by some species of wildlife cande,illa exist in the region. In this way, about tons are produced annually.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is evidenced by the low yields and high costs in producing the wax.

Some of these producers complement their income by gathering other plant species native to the desert, or by fandelilla, raising cattle and even mining. It is yellowish-brown, hard, brittle, aromatic, and opaque to translucent. They generally take more than five days to harvest the plants and work becomes more complicated when the plants are located on other ranches or private property. Retrieved from ” https: Normally, the Candelilla plant is pulled out by hand from the roots, although occasionally a sharpened stick ce be used to facilitate digging out the plant.

  FASES UROGRAMA EXCRETOR PDF

Candelilla wax

In the intermediate part of the vessel, just on top of the aqueous phase, a fine layer of yellow-colored cream is formed. The plants root is relatively small, although a plant of moderate size can develop more than stalks of a grayish-green color, with typical dimensions of cm in long and 0. Other sources indicate that the Candelilla plant was burned directly for illumination, serving the purpose of a candle.

Manufacturing The commercial exploitation of the Candelilla plant for producing wax dates back to the beginning of the 20th century, and has since become one of the main economic activities of the Mexican region of the Chihuahuan Desert. During candeliola rainy season, the Candelilla stalks become covered with a thick sap, which then covers the stalks with wax during the dry season to prevent evaporation.

Inthe botanist J. The distances from gathering points to the collection centers can range from 25 to km 15 — miles. Harvesters travel by burros or by truck to the areas where d Candelilla plant is to be found in abundance. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Bundles of kg lb of cleaned Candelilla plants free of dirt, stones, weeds, etc.

Today, the Candelilla plant is considered useful in the treatment of a variety of illnesses. With a melting point of The batch of Candelilla immersed in acid-water is heated over a direct fire until the solution comes to a boil, candelil,a which time the wax is separated from the plant and fuses with the liquid.

Candelilla wax can be used as a substitute for carnauba wax and beeswax.