Synonyms: Lecythis bracteata, Barringtonia couroupita, Barringtonia pedicellaris There are two individuals of Couroupita guianensis listed as Heritage Trees. Major Threat(s): The habitat of this species has declined widely because of clearing for settlement, timber and agriculture, resulting in populations becoming . Couroupita guianensis, commonly known as cannonball tree, is a soft-wooded, deciduous tropical tree of the Brazil nut family that typically matures to ‘.

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Edible Medicinal and Nonmedicinal Plants. Some trees flower profusely until the entire trunk is covered with racemes. Sign up for our e-newsletter. It is native to the rainforests of Central and South America[1] and it is cultivated in many other tropical areas throughout the world because of its beautiful, fragrant flowers and large, interesting fruits.

Knuth Couroupita antillana Miers Couroupita froesii R. This page was last edited on 19 Decemberat One tree can hold as many as flowers per day. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best. Culture Winter hardy to USDA Zones giuanensis it is best grown in organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade.

Veins on leaf undersides are pubescent.

Couroupita guianensis

Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. Gives descriptions, photos and uses of a very wide range of fruit and other food-producing plants plus ornamentals. When ripe, fruits drop from the tree, usually splitting open as they hit the ground with an explosive splat.


The fruits take up to a year to mature in most areas, sometimes as long as 18 months. Missouri Botanical Garden Shaw Blvd. Genus name is a modification of the name of a native tree used in Tropical America. Knuth Couroupita surinamensis Mart. Plant as a curiosity in tropical gardens in areas where there will be minimal foot traffic under the tree when the ripened fruits are dropping. Leaves are alternate or in apical whorls.

The flowers produce two types of pollen: Mature fruits release a fetid aroma when they drop to the ground and break open.

Now containing plants. Publisher David Hunt; Sherbourne, England. New York Botanical Garden. There are two areas of stamens: The seeds are dispersed by animals that feed on the fruits.

Couroupita guianensis – Plant Finder

Publisher Weinheim Year ISBN – Description An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Close couroipita of flowers Photograph by: Problems No serious insect or disease problems. Each fruit contains seeds which are embedded in an ill-smelling, soft red pulp which turns bluish-green when exposed to air.


Fruits hanging from trunk Photograph by: Many animals feed on the pulp and seeds, including peccaries, the pacaand domestic chickens and pigs.

Fallen fruit Photograph by: Courou;ita Couroupita guianensis var. Foot traffic should not be permitted under the drip-line of this tree because falling fruit can seriously injure or kill human beings.

There are many medicinal uses for the plant. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Berg Couroupita saintcroixiana R. Couroupita guianensisknown by a variety of common names including cannonball tree, [3] is a deciduous tree in the family Lecythidaceaewhich also includes the Brazil nut Bertholletia excelsa and Paradise nut Lecythis zabucajo.

Fruits that remain whole may be broken open by animals such as pecarries. Tree, showing canopy and specialized fruiting branches Fuianensis by: Each flower has a 6-lobed calyx and 6 spreading petals which encircle two types of stamens fertile stamens and sterile staminoides which are borne on a cream-colored androphore. On windy days, the fruits often bang against each other on the tree creating a sound reportedly resembling a cannonade.

Native Amazonians use extracts of several cououpita of the tree to treat hypertensiontumorspainand inflammation. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Couroupita guianensis.