ISOMERIA QUIMICA ORGANICA PDF

12/9/17 química la química es la ciencia que estudia la materia, su composición, la organización de los elementos que la forman las transformaciones que. Isomería C8H FR. Felipe Rodriguez. Updated 14 November Transcript. Isómeros. C8H A continuación,. observarán.. La fórmula. -Isomería estructural- Ejemplo: La isomería estructural es importante dentro del estudio de la química orgánica ya que permite conocer la.

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The chair conformation of cyclohexane has one methylene group puckered upward and another puckered downward.

Conformational Energy Diagram of Cyclohexane Caption: Cyclobutane adopts the folded conformation to decrease the torsional strain caused by eclipsing hydrogens. The Newman Projection of Quimlca Caption: The more stable conformation has both methyl groups in equatorial positions.

The conformation of cyclopentane is slightly folded, like the shape of an envelope. The different arrangement formed by rotations about a single bond are called conformations, and a specific is called conformer. In the symmetrical boat conformation of cyclohexane, eclipsing of bonds results in torsional strain. Conformational energy of cyclohexane.

Conformations of Cyclopentane Caption: The molecular formula of alkanes is CnH2n, two hydrogen less than an open chain alkane.

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The angle strain and the torsional strain in cyclopropane make this ring size extremely reactive. Two chair conformations are possible for cis-1,3-dimethylcyclohexane. The Newman projection is the best way to judge the stability of the different conformations of a molecule. C5H12 C H 3 2 n-pentano iso-pentano neo-pentano Chapter 3. The simplest alkane is methane, CH4.

Alkyl substituents on cyclohexane rings will tend to be equatorial to avoid 1,3-diaxial interactions. In this case both chairs have the same energy, and they are present in equal amounts. Chair-chair interconversion of methylcyclohexane. They are named by replacing the -ane ending of the alkane with -yl. Axial hydrogens are pointed straight up or down, parallel to the axis of the ring. Conformations of Cyclobutane Caption: Numbering from left to right gives the first branch on C2; numbering from right to left gives the first branch on C3, so we number from left to right.

Isomería C8H18 by Felipe Rodriguez on Prezi

The other eclipsed conformations are lower in energy than the totally eclipsed conformation but are still more unstable than the staggered conformations. Groups like tert-butyl are so bulky that it will force the chair conformation where it is in the equatorial position, regardless of other groups present. The axial substituent interferes with the axial hydrogens on C3 and C5. Torsional strain in cyclopropane. There is steric hindrance between these hydrogens so the molecule twists a little producing the twist boat conformation which is 1.

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Alcohols are compounds whose molecules have a hydroxyl.

ORGÂNICA – Isomeria

The melting point curve for n-alkanes with even numbers of carbon atoms is slightly higher than that for alkanes with odd numbers of carbons. Esta interferencia es llamada interacciones 1,3-diaxial. The conformation of cyclobutane is slightly folded. Newman Projection of Methylcyclohexane: All the carbon-carbon bonds are otganica, generating torsional strain that contributes to the total ring strain. Ethane, the two-carbon alkane, is composed of two methyl groups with overlapping sp3 hybrid orbitals forming a sigma bond between them.