The pre-eminent classical piano music to have emerged over the last half century , Ligeti’s Etudes have received numerous recordings – both in part and as a. In Ligeti’s own description of the Piano Etudes, he says, they are “Etudes in a compositional and pianistic sense”1 that “behave like growing organisms.”2 Upon. “Désordre” (), the first etude in the first book of piano etudes by György Ligeti . (–). After explaining how Gestalt principles can be applied to the.

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Fryderyk Chopin Institut, The right hand moves in the white keys while the left hand in the black keys and they alternate. Ligeti started writing his piano concerto in and the final version of it was not completed until It seems that a motif is introduced by a group of instruments and then immediately mimicked by another group of instruments or by the piano.

Études (Ligeti)

It features a violent rhythmic pulse maintained by eighth notes. Parallel fifths appear again in the piano score. Its main feature is the horrifying, scream-like sounds produced mainly by wind instruments. The orchestration in general is fairly sparse, with the exception of the percussion section, which seems to be ligeyi antagonistic of the piano score ex.

Schott, It seems as though the elements on which the fourth movement is based undergo certain changes that help link it to the movement that is about to follow.


In his second etude Ligeti follows this tradition by using the interval of a poano. Metadata Show full item record.

In his first book of etudes, the differences are less extreme and less extensive than in the late volume. Studies in composition and pianism. Trois Etudes de Concert Piaano Toop, Gyorgy Ligeti, Eutdes, according to Toop, considers the fourth movement as the core of the composition, being as lengthy and as difficult as the first movement In his Piano Etudes, Ligeti has uniquely assimilated this environment and the result is music that breathes and communicates on a personal level. In addition, the eighth note triplets of this movement foreshadow patterns later applied in Etude no.

A subito ppp emerges from the mayhem and leads back to the original eighth note motion. Then, the perpetual motion stops and a quite different middle section begins. Toop, Ligeti had originally listed this etude as no. In addition, Ligeti showed an interest for African rhythms during the s and he integrated some elements of African tradition in his works at this time9.

During his studies at the Budapest Academyhis compositions had evident traces of Bartok, as well as of Stravinsky — another composer much admired by Ligeti5. An important addition to the orchestration of this movement is the use of ocarina and side-whistle which, according to Toop, are used for intonation purposes Once more, Ligeti deals with lifeti, as he did in his second etude — Chordes vides.

Lgieti grouping of the eighth notes is shown in ex. Instead, quarter notes and longer values are applied. Of course whether it is worth the trouble or not, it is entirely a matter of opinion. Toop states that this name is in reference to a sculpture by Constanin Brancusi, plano work greatly interested Ligeti. The last part of the etude is different: Alfred Brendel, quoted etuves Toop.


The main feature of this etude is note repetition. Ligeti discusses at length the political situation in Griffiths, Gyorgy Ligeti, and in Toop.

Pierre-Laurent Aimard opens a world of imagination in Ligeti’s piano music | Music | The Guardian

The piece begins with a descending chromatic scale in the right hand, that is joined by a similar chromatic scale on the left hand shortly after and there is a etudds ascending and descending chromatic motion throughout the etude ex.

Help Center Find new research papers in: The main feature of this etude is a reoccurring motif, heard all throughout the piece, in one voice or another. However, in this etude a sostenuto pedal is applied for several measures at a time ex. Ligetl personal question is whether or not Ligeti would have written such extremities had he been able to perform them. Etudes pour piano Vol.